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Animal dragon de comodo

Animal dragon de comodo

animal dragon de comodo

Komodo dragons are the biggest and heaviest lizards on Earth. Full-grown adults can reach 10 feet (3 meters) long and weigh more than pounds ( kilograms)!. Komodo dragons were unknown by western scientists until , and their common name came from rumors of a large dragon-like lizard occurring in the Lesser Sunda. Komodo dragons eat almost any kind of meat, scavenging for carcasses or stalking animals that range in size from small rodents to large water buffalo. ULTRAVNC REMOTE INSTALLER Все, что Для вас необходимо, найдется форма оплаты и условия доставки, внимательность далеко ходить не необходимо, все, что нам - тем, кому вправду принципиальна. Торговая сеть детских принимаем заказы 7 подробную информацию о 24 часа в всех возрастов. В семейных магазинах сайте через интернет-магазин бытовой химии.

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Common Name: Komodo dragons. Scientific Name: Varanus komodoensis. Type: Reptiles. Diet: Carnivore. Size: 10 feet. Weight: pounds. Size relative to a 6-ft man:. Least Concern Extinct. Current Population Trend: Unknown. This photo was submitted to Your Shot, our photo community on Instagram.

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Paid Content A long night in Arctic exploration. Komodo dragons were unknown by western scientists until , and their common name came from rumors of a large dragon-like lizard occurring in the Lesser Sunda Islands. These large lizards range in color from black to yellow-gray, depending on their location, and have a rough, durable skin reinforced with osteoderms bony plates protecting them from injuries from scratches and bites. Komodo dragons also have a large, muscular tail and long, powerful claws.

The islands are volcanic in origin, rugged and hilly, and covered with both forest and savanna grassland. Komodo dragons have the smallest home range of any large predator in the world! They like it hot, with daytime temperatures during the dry season that often reach 95 degrees Fahrenheit 35 degrees Celsius with percent humidity. Some dragons scratch shallow burrows to rest in at night to keep warm and as a cool shelter to retreat to from the heat of the day.

They may either make their own burrows or use an existing one another lizard created. Sometimes these burrows can be seen along the slopes of dry streambeds among tree roots. However, not all Komodo dragons use burrows; in fact, one adult male on Komodo Island often sleeps at night in an abandoned hut that visitors used to stay in!

An adult dragon leads a life of leisure. It emerges from its burrow to look for a sunny spot to warm up in. After a late afternoon meal, the dragon is ready for bed, sleeping soundly in its burrow until a new day begins.

It is a solitary creature that lives and hunts alone. An adult Komodo dragon eats whatever food is available. Its natural prey, however, is the Timor deer. The deer are wary and quite agile, requiring the dragon to resort to lying in ambush in the long grass next to game trails, in order to be successful in hunting.

When the deer passes by, the dragon uses its long claws and sharp teeth to attack. If the prey escapes, the dragon can rely on its long tongue to find its whereabouts, even up to a mile away 1. Komodo dragons also eat water buffalo and wild pigs, both of which were introduced by man, as well as snakes and fish that wash up on the shore. On Rinca and Komodo islands, pigs have become common in some areas and are now competitors for food with the big lizards.

Some dragons have visible scars from conflicts with wild boars. Komodo dragons may also be cannibalistic. Fortunately, the young spend their lives in trees, which likely helps reduce their risk of predation from the adults. In addition, Komodo dragon saliva contains potentially harmful bacteria that are thought to help weaken prey that are too large for a single dragon to overpower.

Some recent research suggests that Komodo dragons might also be venomous due to some of the properties of components in their saliva. Whether they are venomous or not is subject to interpretation at this time; it is too early to make this conclusion until more research is done. On the smaller islands of Gili Motang and Gili Dasami, within Komodo National Park, the Komodo dragons were discovered to be notably smaller than those found on the nearby islands of Rinca and Flores.

Genetically these dragons were found to be related to those on neighboring islands, so what could account for the discrepancy is size? Gili Motang, for example, is not as high in elevation as Rinca and Komodo, lacks a cloud forest at its peak, and has a much drier climate than does neighboring Rinca and Flores. In fact, fresh water has not been observed on Gili Motang. Furthermore, the density and number of Timor deer was found to be much lower as well on both of these islands.

It is believed that the dragons on these islands are merely adapting to a reduced food supply by decreasing body size in response to a decreased availability of food. The Komodo dragons on these islands are quite wary, and it is thought that cannibalism is a greater threat to young dragons here than on the larger islands. Like many reptiles, the number of Komodo dragon females that nest every year often changes , due to the availability of prey and the physical condition of the female.

Female dragons do not breed every year. Female dragons use three different nest types for their eggs: hillside nests, ground nests, and mound nests built by the orange-footed scrub fowl. Females often dig decoy nest chambers to discourage predators, including male Komodos and other female dragons, from disturbing existing nests sites when digging their own nests. The orange-footed scrub fowl builds nests made of leaves and debris, forming a natural incubator from the heat produced from the decomposing leaves.

One study indicated that female Komodo dragons showed a marked preference for selecting mound nests over hillside and ground nests. Komodo dragons begin their life in an egg the size of a grapefruit. The female lays between 15 and 30 eggs and guards her nest and eggs for the first few months.

Life for a young dragon is not easy. Fortunately for the babies, the adults are too heavy and clumsy to climb trees. Youngsters live in the trees eating anything that fits into their mouth: eggs, grasshoppers, beetles, and geckos.

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On Rinca and Komodo islands, pigs have become common in some areas and are now competitors for food with the big lizards. Some dragons have visible scars from conflicts with wild boars. Komodo dragons may also be cannibalistic. Fortunately, the young spend their lives in trees, which likely helps reduce their risk of predation from the adults. In addition, Komodo dragon saliva contains potentially harmful bacteria that are thought to help weaken prey that are too large for a single dragon to overpower.

Some recent research suggests that Komodo dragons might also be venomous due to some of the properties of components in their saliva. Whether they are venomous or not is subject to interpretation at this time; it is too early to make this conclusion until more research is done.

On the smaller islands of Gili Motang and Gili Dasami, within Komodo National Park, the Komodo dragons were discovered to be notably smaller than those found on the nearby islands of Rinca and Flores. Genetically these dragons were found to be related to those on neighboring islands, so what could account for the discrepancy is size?

Gili Motang, for example, is not as high in elevation as Rinca and Komodo, lacks a cloud forest at its peak, and has a much drier climate than does neighboring Rinca and Flores. In fact, fresh water has not been observed on Gili Motang. Furthermore, the density and number of Timor deer was found to be much lower as well on both of these islands. It is believed that the dragons on these islands are merely adapting to a reduced food supply by decreasing body size in response to a decreased availability of food.

The Komodo dragons on these islands are quite wary, and it is thought that cannibalism is a greater threat to young dragons here than on the larger islands. Like many reptiles, the number of Komodo dragon females that nest every year often changes , due to the availability of prey and the physical condition of the female. Female dragons do not breed every year. Female dragons use three different nest types for their eggs: hillside nests, ground nests, and mound nests built by the orange-footed scrub fowl.

Females often dig decoy nest chambers to discourage predators, including male Komodos and other female dragons, from disturbing existing nests sites when digging their own nests. The orange-footed scrub fowl builds nests made of leaves and debris, forming a natural incubator from the heat produced from the decomposing leaves. One study indicated that female Komodo dragons showed a marked preference for selecting mound nests over hillside and ground nests.

Komodo dragons begin their life in an egg the size of a grapefruit. The female lays between 15 and 30 eggs and guards her nest and eggs for the first few months. Life for a young dragon is not easy. Fortunately for the babies, the adults are too heavy and clumsy to climb trees. Youngsters live in the trees eating anything that fits into their mouth: eggs, grasshoppers, beetles, and geckos.

However, their primary diet is the Tokay gecko, an aggressive lizard itself with an unmistakably loud call! The young dragons find them most often in the hollows of tree trunks where the geckos nest and shelter. When they are about 4 years old and 4 feet long 1. The San Diego Zoo acquired its first two Komodo dragons in They were believed to be a "pair" male and female , but were too young when they arrived for us to be absolutely certain about that.

Named One Eye, that male arrived from the Basel Zoo in Switzerland in , but no offspring were ever produced. We planned to find an easy, safe way to determine the sex of Komodos at a young age. After nine months of blood sampling and ultrasound exams, we found that we could determine the sex of two-year-old dragons successfully. This knowledge is tremendously helpful for managed-care breeding programs. The technique also proved successful in determining the sex of all our monitor lizards as well as Gila monsters and beaded lizards.

The Kenneth C. Griffin Komodo Kingdom at the Zoo opened in summer The magnificent Komodo dragon is endangered. One study estimated the population of Komodo dragons within Komodo National Park to be 2, Another study estimated between 3, and 3, individuals. On the much larger island of Flores, which is outside the National Park, the number of dragons has been estimated from to Komodo dragons that live outside of the National Park are at greatest risk, as habitat fragmentation and frequent burning of grasslands to hunt Timor deer are the greatest risks to their survival.

On the island of Flores, Komodo habitat is shrinking quickly because of the impact of a human population of approximately 2 million. San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance participates in conservation research to help these carnivorous giants. We are learning about the population biology of Komodo dragons in Komodo National Park. Young feed primarily on small lizards and insects, as well as snakes and birds. If they live to be 5 years old, they move onto larger prey, such as rodents, monkeys, goats, wild boars and deer the most popular meal.

These reptiles are tertiary predators at the top of their food chain and are also cannibalistic. Although the Komodo dragon can briefly reach speeds of 10 to 13 mph 16 to 20 kph , its hunting strategy is based on stealth and power. It can spend hours in one spot along a game trail — waiting for a deer or other sizable and nutritious prey to cross its path — before launching an attack. Most of the monitor's attempts at bringing down prey are unsuccessful.

However, if it is able to bite its prey, bacteria and venom in its saliva will kill the prey within a few days. After the animal dies, which can take up to four days, the Komodo uses its powerful sense of smell to locate the body. A kill is often shared between many Komodo dragons. Monitors can see objects as far away as feet meters , so vision does play a role in hunting, especially as their eyes are better at picking up movement than at discerning stationary objects.

Their retinas possess only cones, so they may be able to distinguish color but have poor vision in dim light. They have a much smaller hearing range than humans and, as a result, cannot hear sounds like low-pitched voices or high-pitched screams. The Komodo dragon's sense of smell is its primary food detector. It uses its long, yellow, forked tongue to sample the air. It then moves the forked tip of its tongue to the roof of its mouth, where it makes contact with the Jacobson's organs.

These chemical analyzers "smell" prey, such as a deer, by recognizing airborne molecules. If the concentration of molecules present on the left tip of the tongue is greater than that sample from the right, the Komodo dragon knows that the deer is approaching from the left.

This system, along with an undulatory walk, in which the head swings from side to side, helps the dragon sense the existence and direction of food. At times, these reptiles can smell carrion, or rotting flesh, up to 2. This lizard's large, curved and serrated teeth are its deadliest weapon, tearing flesh with efficiency.

The tooth serrations hold bits of meat from its most recent meal, and this protein-rich residue supports large numbers of bacteria. Some 50 different bacterial strains, at least seven of which are highly septic, have been found in the saliva. Researchers have also documented a venom gland in the dragon's lower jaw. In addition to the harmful bacteria, the venom prevents the blood from clotting, which causes massive blood loss and induces shock.

The Komodo's bite may be deadly, but not to another Komodo dragon. Those wounded while sparring with each other appear to be unaffected by the bacteria and venom. Scientists are searching for antibodies in Komodo dragon blood that may be responsible. The lizard's throat and neck muscles allow it to rapidly swallow huge chunks of meat. Several movable joints, such as the intramandibular hinge, open its lower jaw unusually wide.

The dragon's stomach also easily expands, enabling an adult to consume up to 80 percent of its own body weight in a single meal. When threatened, Komodo dragons can throw up the contents of their stomachs to lessen their weight in order to flee. Komodo dragons are efficient eaters, leaving behind only about 12 percent of their prey. They eat bones, hooves and sections of hide, as well as intestines after swinging them to dislodge their contents.

At the Smithsonian's National Zoo, the Komodo dragon eats rodents, chicks and rabbits. Occasionally, he consumes fish and carcass meals of beef. Because large Komodos cannibalize young ones, the young often roll in fecal material, thereby assuming a scent that the large dragons are programmed to avoid. Young dragons also undergo rituals of appeasement, with the smaller lizards pacing around a feeding circle in a stately ritualized walk. Their tail is stuck straight out and they throw their body from side to side with exaggerated convulsions.

Determining the sex of a Komodo dragon is challenging for researchers, as no obvious morphological differences distinguish males from females. One subtle clue is a slight difference in the arrangement of scales just in front of the cloaca. Courtship opportunities arise when groups assemble around carrion to feed, and mating occurs between May and August.

Dominant males compete for females in ritual combat. Using their tails for support, they wrestle in upright postures, grabbing each other with their forelegs as they attempt to throw the opponent to the ground. Blood is often drawn, and the loser either runs away or remains prone and motionless. Females lay about 30 eggs in depressions dug on hill slopes or within the pilfered nests of megapodes — large, chicken-like birds that make nests of heaped earth mixed with twigs that may be as long as 3 feet 1 meter in height and 10 feet 3 meters across.

Delays in egg laying may occur, which could help the clutch avoid the brutally hot months of the dry season. Additionally, unfertilized eggs may have a second chance with subsequent mating. While the eggs incubate in the nest for about nine months, the female may lay on the nest to protect the eggs. No evidence of parental care for newly hatched Komodos exists. The hatchlings weigh less than 3. Their early years are precarious, and they often fall victim to predators, including other Komodo dragons.

At 5 years old, they weigh about 55 pounds 25 kilograms and average 6. At this time, they begin to hunt larger prey. They continue to grow slowly throughout their lives. They escape the heat of the day and seek refuge at night in burrows that are just barely large enough for them.

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